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Trigger Points for Action — The Bradford Factor
For absences over a defined period (say, a rolling 12 months) each employee is given a Bradford Factor score calculated as follows:

S [spells of absence] x
S [spells of absence] x
D [total number of days of absence in the period]
= Bradford Factor score

Someone who has five spells of absence which last one day each (5 x 5 x 5 = 125) will have a higher Bradford Factor score than an individual who has one episode of absence which lasts five days (1 x 1 x 5 = 5).

Individuals’ Bradford Factor scores are measured against a trigger level that you define in advance. If employees pass that level, it will prompt a formal review of their absences. However, you should not use it to generate disciplinary action automatically, as there may be underlying issues that need addressing.
Posted on 19 Nov 2016

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